Indian Timeline - Stone Age to 1400's
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates from the Pre-Historic Stone Age to the 1400's. 10,000B.C.: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.
- 9000BC: Clovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point
- 7500BC: Folsom Culture (named after artefacts found at Folsom, New Mexico. These people used flint arrow point in the shape of a leaf)
- 7500BC: Eastern Woodland Culture of Fisher Hunters begins. Permanent houses and farming
- 7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
- 4000BC: Old Copper culture begins in the Great Lakes region in which native copper was utilized to produce a wide variety of tools axes, adzes, arrow head points, knives, fishhooks and harpoons
- 2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery
- 2000BC: Pecos Culture begins with changes in architecture, art and pottery for the people who lived in a semi-arid environment
- 1100BC: Anasazi build cliff cities at Mesa Verde, Colorado
- 1700BC: Mound Builders culture, a feature of many Woodland tribes
- 1000AD: Woodland Period including the Adena culture (mounds, a burial complex and ceremonial system. The Adena lived in a variety of locations, including: Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky, and parts of Pennsylvania and New York.) and Hopewell cultures
- 1000AD: Woodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems
- 1000: Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States
- c1450: Iroquois Confederacy creates a constitution. The tribes of the Iroquois League include the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca
- 1492: Christopher Columbus discovers America
Indian Timeline - 1500's
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1500's.
- 1500: The Europeans brought diseases such as typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, smallpox, measles, whooping cough and influenza to the indigenous population. Their numbers fell from eighty million to under one million in less than five hundred years
- 1513: Alonzo de Pineda explores gulf Coast of America (Florida area) and encounters Calusan Indians
- 1524: Giovanni Verrazano discovers New York Bay
- 1528: Panfilo de Narvaez explores Florida. Alvar Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas, Arizona and New Mexico
- 1534: Jacques Cartier explores the Great Lakes and the the St. Lawrence River
- 1539: Hernando de Soto explores the Southeast of North America which leads to the Napituca Massacre.
- 1540: Francisco Vázquez de Coronado explores Southwestern North America and Mexico fighting the Choctaw tribe and defeating the Zuni Pueblo Indians.
- 1541: Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explores Kansas and New Mexico leading to the Tiguex War
- 1542: Cabrillo explores and discovers the Californian coastal area
- 1559: Tristan de Luna explores North America
- 1563: Francisco de Ibarra explores New Mexico
- 1576: English explorer Sir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait
- 1584: English explorers Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (both in the service of Sir Walter Raleigh) explore the coast of North Carolina
- 1585: Sir Walter Raleigh reaches Roanoke Island and establishes the Virginia colony of Roanoke Island
- 1598: Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado
Indian Timeline - 1600's
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1600's.
- 1607: Captain John Smith explorer and founder of Jamestown
- 1609 : The Jamestown Colonists endure the 'Starving Time'
- 1609 : Henry Hudson explores North eastern North America including the Hudson River
- 1620: Pocahontas marries John Rolfe
- 1620: The Mayflower and the Pilgrim Fathers arrived at Plymouth to found first colony in New England
- 1622: First Indian uprising in an English colony (Virginia).1622-1624 The Powhatan Confederacy in Virginia between colonists and Indians - refer to Powhatan
- 1637: The First Reservations were established by Puritans near New Haven, Connecticut
- 1638: The Pequot War
- 1640 : 1640 - 1701 - The Beaver Wars
- 1655 : 1655 - The Peach Tree War
- 1675: 1675 - 1677 King Philip's War
- 1680: 1680-1692: The Pueblo Revolt
- 1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain and their respective Indian allies
Indian Timeline - 1700's
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1700's. Between 1787 and 1868, 371 treaties were signed between the U.S. and American Indian Tribes.
- 1700: The Indian Horse culture leads to the migration of many Woodland tribes to the Great Plains. The tribes include the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, Sioux and Comanche
- 1711: Fox Wars 1701-1742: First Fox War (1712–1716) and the Second Fox War (1728–1733).
- 1711: 1711-1715: The Tuscarora War led by King Hancock
- 1729: 1729 Following the Natchez Wars of 1716, 1722 and 1723 the Natchez Rebellion (1729–1731) when Natchez Indians massacre 250 people at Fort Rosalie.
- 1715: The Yamasee War against the white settlements in South Carolina
- 1736: The Chickasaw Wars (1736, 1739 and 1752) were fought between the Chickasaw allied with the British against the French and their allies the Choctaws and Illini.
- 1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War (1754-1763) is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up Florida to the British.
- 1763: Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War (1754-1763)
- 1764: Pontiac's Rebellion against the British in the Ohio River Valley
- 1774: December 16: The Boston Tea Party
- 1775: Lord Dunmore's War in Southern Ohio
- 1776: Chickamauga Wars (1776–1794)
- 1785: Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio.
Indian Timeline - 1800's
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1800's. Between 1787 and 1868, 371 treaties were signed between the U.S. and American Indian Tribes.
- 1803: Louisiana Purchase
- 1803: (1803–1806) Louis and Clark Expedition
- 1811: (1811–1813) Tecumseh's War and the Battle of Tippecanoe - Tecumseh
- 1811: Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia
- 1813: Peoria War (1813)
- 1812: War of 1812 begins
- 1817: First Seminole War (1817–1818)
- 1827: Cherokee tribe form their own republic
- 1827: Winnebago War (1827)
- 1830: Indian Removal Act
- 1832: Black Hawk War occurred in Northern Illinois and Southwestern Wisconsin - see Black Hawk. Department of Indian Affairs was established
- 1835: Creek Alabama Uprising (1835–1837)
- 1835: Second Seminole War (1835–1842) in the Florida everglade area. Under Chief Osceola
- 1837: Osage Indian War (1837) with the Osage Indians in Missouri
- 1838: The Cherokee were the last of the Five Civilised Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Seminal and Chickasaw) to take the enforced march on the tragic Trail of Tears
- 1849: 1846 - 1863 The Navajo conflicts in New Mexico and Arizona
- 1851: Fort Laramie Treaty
- 1854: 1854 - 1890 The Sioux Wars, aka Plains Indians Wars, in South Dakota, Minnesota and Wyoming led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull
- 1855: 1855 - 1856 Rogue River War in Oregon
- 1855: Third Seminole War (1855–1858) in Florida
- 1861: American Civil War (1861 - 1865)
- 1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers. Minnesota uprising
- 1861: 1861 - 1900 Apache Wars in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas led by Geronimo and Cochise.
- 1865: 1865 - 1869 Building of Union Pacific Railroad brings settlers to the Great Plains
- 1865: 1865 1868 and in 1879: Ute Wars broke out in Utah due to Mormon settlers taking over their lands
- 1868: Red Cloud, Chief of the Sioux, defeats the U.S. army in battle
- 1872: 1872 - 1873 Modoc War in California and Oregon led by Captain Jack
- 1874: Red River War in Northern Texas
- 1876: Battle of the Rosebud in Montana. Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne under Crazy Horse cut off reinforcements intended to help Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
- 1877: Nez Perce War in Oregon, Montana and Idaho led by Chief Joseph
- 1879: Ponca Chief Standing Bear wins a case to become a U. S. citizen
- 1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
- 1890: 1890 The Wounded Knee Massacre in South Dakota
Indian Timeline - 1900's
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1900's.
- 1907: Charles Curtis is the first American Indian elected to the U.S. Senate
- 1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
- 1969: American Indian Movement (AIM)
- 1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
The Indian Timeline provides interesting facts and information about the indigenous population of North America beginning with the ancient cultures of the Native Americans. The Native American Timeline then provides basic facts and information on the impact of the Anglo-European colonists and white settlers and the main Indian Wars. The Indian Timeline ends with the removal of the Native Americans from their homelands to the Indian reservations, many of which are based in the present day State of Oklahoma.