What clothes did the Great Basin Bannock tribe wear?
The clothes worn by the Great Basin Bannock men traditionally consisted of breechcloths or aprons made from sagebrush bark. In cold weather twined bark leggings and poncho like shirts were also worn. Fibers used to make Bannock clothes were harvested from sagebrush bark and tule (a type of bulrush). The fibers were dampened and then pummeled until they could be woven or twined. Robes, or cloaks, were made from furs, especially rabbit fur, for added warmth. Trade with the white settlers also provided blankets for the tribe. The clothes worn by the women of the Bannock tribe wore knee length woven fiber aprons as a single front covering or double apron that covered the front and the back. The clothes worn by the Bannock tribe also included clothing made of buckskin if deer inhabited their regions. Bannock clothing for both the men and women was adorned with fringes and feathers and jewelry made from beads and shells.
What weapons did the Great Basin Bannock tribe use?
The weapons used by the Bannock tribe were primitive and included bows and arrows, stone knifes, spears, rabbit sticks and digging sticks.
What were the rituals and ceremonies of the Bannock tribe?
The rituals and ceremonies of the Bannock tribe and many other Great Basin Native Indians included the Bannock Bear Dance and the Sun Dance which first emerged in the Great Basin, as did the Paiute Ghost Dance. Another important ceremony was the Round Dance which was associated with the pinyon (pine nut) harvest and performed for increasing the food supply and bringing rain. Tricksters also feature in the legends and mythology of the Great Basin peoples as do heroic figures or "transformers" who transform, or change, the world into its present state.
The Bannock tribe
The migration of the Bannock Tribe from the harsh conditions in the Great Basin required a totally different lifestyle to suit the climate and natural resources of the area. The lives of the Bannock tribe changed from nomadic seed gathers to hunter gatherers who followed the great herds of buffalo. The buffalo was the main source of subsistence on the Plains and the food, weapons, houses and style of clothes worn by the Bannock tribe changed accordingly.
Food: The food of the Bannock tribe was predominantly buffalo but also they also hunted deer, elk, bear and wild turkey. Their diet was supplemented with roots and wild fruit and vegetables
Shelter: The shelters of the Bannock tribe were tepees, tent-like shelters constructed from wooden poles that were covered with buffalo hides
Clothes: The Bannock Breechcloths, fringed buckskin tunics or shirts and leggings with warm buffalo robes to protect against the rain and the cold
Who were the most famous leaders and chiefs of the Bannock tribe?
The most famous leader and chief of the Bannock tribe was Chief Buffalo Horn.
Bannock History Timeline: What happened to the Bannock tribe?
The following history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks and battles fought by the Nation. The Bannock timeline explains what happened to the people of their tribe.
Bannock History Timeline
1000: Woodland Period including the Adena and Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems
1580: The Spanish make the first white contact with the Bannock tribe
1700's: The Bannock tribe travel south to the Snake River plain of present-day Idaho,and form an alliance with the Shoshone tribe
1700's: During the late 1700's the tribe acquired horses and migrated to Colorado, Utah, Montana and Oregon and adopt the culture of the Great Plains tribes
1781: Smallpox epidemic kills many people
1805: The Lewis and Clark expedition passed through the country but were warned that the tribe were hostile to the whites
1829: Mountain man Jim Bridger (March 17, 1804 – July 17, 1881 established trade relations with the Bannock
1847: Mormons settled in the Great Salt Lake valley
1848: Outbreak of a series of devastating cholera and smallpox epidemic
1869: Fort Hall Reservation established in the U.S. state of Idaho
1878: Bannock War between the U.S. army and the Bannock, led by Chief Buffalo in Southern Idaho and Northern Nevada
1878: The Sheepeater War. The 'Sheepeaters' were members of the Bannock and Shoshone tribes who migrated north to the Salmon River Mountains in Idaho and hunted mountain sheep as their main food
1878: The 'Sheepeaters' were moved to Fort hall Reservation with the Bannock and Shoshone
1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1911: Battle of Kelley Creek in Nevada. A small group of Bannock and Shoshone killed four men in an incident known as the Last Massacre. They were followed by a posse to Kelley Creek. 9 people were killed