What language did the Chickasaw tribe speak?
The Chickasaw tribe spoke in in several related dialects of the Muskogean language family, similar to the Choctaws.
What did the Chickasaw tribe eat?
The food that the Chickasaw tribe ate included included their crops of beans, corn and squash. Chickasaw men also hunted deer, bear, wild turkeys, small game and fish obtained on long hunting excursions throughout the Mississippi valley region. Some even travelled to the plains to hunt buffalo. Their diet was also supplemented with a variety of nuts, fruits, and herbs.
What weapons did the Chickasaw use?
The weapons used by the Chickasaw Native Indians included war clubs, knives, bows and arrows, maces and axes. The Europeans introduced muskets and then rifles. The war-like Chickasaw had numerous enemies including the Choctaw, Creeks, Caddo, Kickapoo, Shawnee, Osage, Quapaw and Yuchi. The Chickasaw were great military strategists and their strength was to employ unexpected tactics. The Chickasaw people believed that the ghost of a dead warrior would haunt his relatives until he was avenged. The Chickasaw always sought retaliation and revenge - the only question was when and where.
What clothes did the Chickasaw wear?
Chickasaw clothes were primarily made from buckskin. The men wore breechcloths with thigh-high deerskin boots. The women wore a knee-length dress. The Chickasaw removed all body hair and made extensive use of tattooing and body paint. The warriors wore a scalp lock with a roach style headdress adorned with feathers. The most honored Chickasaw warriors wore a mantle of swan feathers. By the 1800's the Chickasaw were greatly influenced by the American style of dress and the availability of trade cloth.
Chickasaw History: What happened to the Chickasaw tribe?
The following Chickasaw history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks of the people. The Chickasaw timeline explains what happened to the people of their tribe. 1736, 1741, 1752
Chickasaw History Timeline
700AD: The Mississippian culture began
1542: The Hernando De Soto expedition encounters the Chickasaw
1500's: Epidemics of smallpox and measles and inter-tribal warfare diminish the Chickasaw populations in the late 1500's and 1600's
1673: Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet exploring the Mississippi River
1682: Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle and Henri Tonti make contact with the Chickasaw Native Indians and the French establish a colony and trading posts
1698 British traders visit to the Chickasaw villages and establish trading links. The Chickasaw become allied with the British
1702: The Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) and the Chickasaw were allied to the British
1729: The Nachez Revolt (1729 - 1731) The Chickasaw fight with the Natchez against the French
1736: The Chickasaw Wars (1736, 1739 and 1752) were fought between the Chickasaw tribe allied with the British against the French and their Choctaw allies
1744: The English trader, James Adair, establishes a long term, friendly relationship with the Chickasaw, and eventually publishes a manuscript about the tribe
1754: The Chickasaws again fight with the British during the French Indian War, aka the Seven Years War, (1754-1763)
1775: The American Revolutionary War
1786: The Hopewell Treaty; northern boundary of the Ohio River
1796: The 'civilizing programs' began, instigated by George Washington, which led to the name of the Five Civilised Tribes
1813: The Chickasaw fought under Andrew Jackson in the Creek War, aka Red Stick War (1813–1814)
1830: The Indian Removal Act of 1830
1832: The Treaty of Pontotoc Creek (October 20, 1832) ceded Chickasaw lands east of the Mississippi in exchange for land west of the Mississippi
1837: Treaty of Doaksville, when the Chickasaws agreed to occupy the westernmost district of the Choctaw nation in central Oklahoma
1837: Removal to Indian Territory begins
1856: Chickasaw Nation is created
1861: The Civil War erupted, the Chickasaw Nation was the first of the Five Civilized Tribes to become allies of the Confederate States of America
1887: The Dawes Act
1889: First Land Rush, 50,000 new settlers
1893, President Grover Cleveland appoints Senator Henry L. Dawes, to negotiate land with the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole tribes
1893: The Dawes Rolls, or the Final Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes, entitled an allotment of land to tribe members, in return for abolishing their governments and recognizing Federal laws
1934: The individual allotment policy of the Dawes Act was terminated by the Indian Reorganization Act
Chickasaw History Timeline