What did the Cree tribe live in?
The Cree tribe lived in birch bark wigwams, aka or wetus, where birch bark was plentiful. On the plains they lived in tepees.
What language did the Cree tribe speak?
All members of the Cree tribe spoke in the Algonquian language, regardless of their location.
What did the Cree tribe eat?
The food that the Cree tribe ate depended on the resources that were available in their habitat.
The Canadian Cree in the sub-arctic region were fishers and enjoyed pike and salmon. They hunted a variety of game including caribou, moose, elk, deer, wolves, bears, beavers and rabbits
- The food of the Plains Cree was predominantly buffalo but also they also hunted deer, elk, bear and wild turkey. Their diet was supplemented with roots and wild fruit and vegetables
The food of the Woodland Cree were fish and small game including squirrel, deer, raccoon, bear and beaver. Corn (maize), pumpkin, squash and beans were also available
Who were the most famous leaders and chiefs of the Cree tribe?
The most famous leaders and chiefs included Chief Poundmaker, Chief Big Child, Starblanket, Flash in the Sky, Chief Big Bear, Chief Fine Day, and Chief Cut Nose.
What weapons did the Cree use?
The weapons used also varied according to the natural resources in their areas but included bows and arrows, a variety of different clubs, hatchet axes, spears, lances and knives.
What clothes did the Cree tribe wear?
The clothes worn by the tribe were dictated by the climate. In warm climates they wore breechcloths in the summer and in cold climates they wore fringed tunics or shirts and leggings. Warm robes or cloaks were also worn to protect against the rain and the cold. The tribe members wore fur or leather caps decorated with feathers but they also wore feather war bonnets and porcupine roach headdresses.
What was the religion and beliefs of the Cree tribe?
The religion and beliefs of the tribe was based on Animism that encompassed the spiritual or religious idea that the universe and all natural objects animals, plants, trees, rivers, mountains rocks etc have souls or spirits. The people believed in the Great Spirit.