What clothes did the Hidatsa men wear?
The clothes worn by the Hidatsa men consisted of breechcloths during the hot summer and, in the winter, fringed buckskin tunics or shirts and leggings. Warm buffalo robes or cloaks were also worn to protect against the rain and the cold. The Hidatsa men also wore beaded, feathered war bonnets in a halo-style decorated with various feathers and beadwork as a symbol of courage and accomplishments. They went barefoot or wore moccasins on their feet a soft, light beige, slip-on shoe, consisting of a sole and sides made of one piece of leather.
The women of the Hidatsa tribe were responsible for making the clothes worn by the people. Most clothes were sewn from the soft, tanned skins of deer (buckskin) and buffalo hide. The White Buffalo Society, which was restricted to Hidatsa women, would perform a special dance designed to lure the buffalo to the hunters. Clothes was often decorated with paint, porcupine quills or beadwork. Hidatsa clothing for both men and women were adorned with ornaments, especially necklaces and earrings.
What clothes did the Hidatsa women wear?
The type of clothes worn by the Hidatsa women were knee-length dresses and leggings. The women also wore the buffalo cloaks to keep warm and dry. The dresses of the Hidatsa women that were used for special ceremonies were intricately decorated with feathers and beads. Dresses were also painted with symbols that reflected their tribal identity and family values celebrating acts of courage by their men or sacrifices made for the well-being of the family and tribe. Hidatsa women wore their hair long worn in two, thick braids that were often decorated with beads.
What language did the Hidatsa tribe speak?
The Hidatsa tribe spoke in the Caddoan and Siouan language.
What did the Hidatsa tribe eat?
The food that the Hidatsa tribe ate included the crops they raised of corn, sunflower seeds, beans, pumpkins and squash. The food from their crops was supplemented by meat, especially bison, that was acquired on the hunting trips. The meats also included deer, bear and wild turkey. These foods were supplemented with roots and wild vegetables such as spinach, prairie turnips and potatoes together with berries and fruits such as melon. When food was scarce the Hidatsa tribe ate dried buffalo meat, called pemmican.
What weapons did the Hidatsa use?
The weapons used by the Hidatsa tribe included bows and arrows, stone ball clubs, hatchet axes, spears, lance and knives. Painted war shields were used on horseback as a means of defence.
Who were the most famous leaders and chiefs of the Hidatsa tribe?
The most famous leaders and chiefs of the Hidatsa tribe were Chief Crows Breast, Chief Black Moccasin, Little Wolf, Man Wolf Chief, Cherry-on-the-Bush, Flat Bear, Crow Flies High, Poor Wolf and Bobtail Bull. The Hidatsa tribe became allies of the Arikara and Hidatsa Native Indian Tribes. The tribe were enemies of the Lakota Sioux and the Assiniboine tribes.
Hidatsa History Timeline: What happened to the Hidatsa tribe?
The following history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks and battles fought by the Nation. The timeline explains exactly what happened to the Hidatsa tribe. The Hidatsa have originally formed a single tribe with the Gros Ventre.
Hidatsa History Timeline
1450: The Hidatsa tribe migrate to the Plains
1670: The Hidatsa make contact with English traders on the Hudson Bay obtaining metal axes and spear points
1700's: The tribe continue migrating north and built villages in the South Dakota area. They eventually established a trading center in South Dakota
1738: Hidatsa tribe recorded as having and trading horses
1781: A Smallpox epidemic devastates three bands of Hidatsa
1798: At about the age of 10 years old, Sacajawea was captured by a Hidatsa raiding party
1804: The Lewis and Clark expedition visited and established friendly relations with the Hidatsa tribe
1800's: The Hidatsas become fur traders
1806: Smallpox hits the Hidatsa villages
1825: Treaty signed with the US represented by General Henry Atkinson and Major Benjamin O'Fallonare
1836: Conflicts with the Sioux
1837: Smallpox epidemic strikes the 'Three Tribes' (Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara) villages
1849: Cholera and smallpox epidemics led to the extermination of many Hidatsa and the destruction of their villages
1850: The depleting number of Hidatsas formed alliances with the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes
1851: The Treaty at Fort Laramie made agreements to the territories of the Arikara, Mandan and Hidatsa tribes
1864: The Hidatsa refuses to join the Sioux in their war against the Americans.
1866: The Three Tribes negotiate the Treaty of 1866 with the US and lose more lands on the northeast side of the Missouri River
1870: The tribe was moved to their present reservation at Fort Berthold together with the Arikara and Mandan tribes
1870: Chief Crow Flies High's Band move off the Reservation to near Ft. Union and maintained their culture and independence