Native American Groups

Native Indian Tribe

Native American Groups

Discover interesting facts and information about each of these Native American Groups and the tribes that belonged to them. Scholars have organised the Native American Indians into  to ten primary groups which are separated by location.

 

The Native American culture groups are categorised as follows:

  • The Artic Native American Groups
  • The Sub-Artic Native American groups
  • The Northwest Coast Native American Groups
  • Northeast - Eastern Woodlands Indians
  • The Plateau Native American Groups
  • The Great Plains Native American Groups
  • The Great Basin Native American Groups
  • The Southeast Native American Groups
  • The Southwest Native American Groups
  • The California Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Culture Groups
The culture groups of Native American are categorised according to the divisions of Native American Groups as illustrated on the map and details of the culture of these people living in the areas are detailed below. The groups are categorised as Northwest Native Americans, the Northeast Woodlands Indians, Plateau Indians, Great Basin Native Indians, the Great Plains Indians, the Southwest Indians, the Southeast Native Americans, the Arctic and Sub-Arctic Indians and the Native Americans of California.

Native American Groups - Great Plains Group
The Great Plains culture group covered the prairies of central North America which was home to many tribes including the Crow, Cheyenne, Blackfoot and Comanche. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Great Plains Indians

  • Native American Groups: Great Plains Native American Indians Group
  • Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Geography: There was enough rain for a thick layer of grass, which attracted large herds of grazing animals like the bison (buffalo). There was not enough rain to grow many trees which were only found by rivers
  • Animals: Bison (Buffalo), deer, elk, bear, beaver, antelope and wolves
  • Culture: Nomadic Hunters and farmers
  • Transport: Horse, travois, parfleche
  • Housing: Tepees were used by the nomadic hunters.
  • Tribes of Great Plains Indians: Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Crow, Comanche and Arapaho
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Northeast Group
The Northeast culture group covered the Atlantic coast from Canada to North Carolina and the tribes of the Erie, Onondaga, Seneca, Tuscarora, Cayuga, Oneida, Menominee, Pequot, Delaware, Fox, Shawnee and Wampanoag. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Northeast Woodland Indians

  • Native American Groups: Northeast / Eastern Woodlands Native American Indians
  • Culture: Hunter-gatherers, farmers, trappers
  • Languages: Algonquian
  • Animals: Squirrels, deer, fish and shell fish
  • Crops: Corn (maize), pumpkin, squash, beans and tobacco
  • Transport: Canoes
  • Types of housing: Chickees, Wigwams and Longhouses
  • Famous Tribes of Eastern Woodlands : Shawnee, Fox, Sauk, Wampanoag, Delaware, Pequot and Menominee
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Northwest Group
The Northwest culture group covered dense forest and mountains and the tribes of Haida, Chinook, Eyak, Coast Salish,  Tlingit, Tillamook and Chimakum people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Northwest Coast Native Americans

  • Native American Groups: Northwest Coast Native American Indians
  • Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Geography: Heavy rainfall, tall dense forests, oceans, mountains and rivers.
  • Animals: Mountain goats and sheep, deer, moose, bear and elk. Fish and Sea animals including seals, whales, salmon and shell fish
  • Natural Resources: Red cedar trees, forests, mountains
  • Culture: Fishers
  • Types of housing: Plankhouses
  • Famous Tribes of Northwest Coast Native Americans: Haida, Chinook, Eyak, Coast Salish,  Tlingit, Tillamook and Chimakum
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Southeast Group
The Southeast culture group covered north of the Gulf of Mexico and the 'five civilised tribes' of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Southeast Native Americans

  • Native American Groups - Southeast Native American Group
  • The Five Civilised tribes
  • Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Geography: River Valleys
  • Animals: Rabbits, wild hogs, turkeys, eagles, opossums, raccoons and deer
  • Natural Resources: Corn, beans, dried fruit, pumpkins and nuts
  • Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Nomadic Hunters, Fishers and farmers
  • Clothing: Deerskin clothes, rabbit fur and porcupine quills
  • Transport: Canoes
  • Housing: Asi Wattle and Daub houses
  • Tribes of Southeast Native Americans: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Southwest Group
The Southwest culture group covered the massive desert region and the tribes of the Hopi, Zuni, Yuam, Apache and Navajo people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Southwest Native Americans

  • Native American Groups: Southwest Native American Indians
  • Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Geography: Dry, rocky land. Hot and arid. Little rain, crops required irrigation
  • Animals: Desert animals such as reptiles and snakes
  • Livestock: Sheep and Goats
  • Natural Resources: Corn, beans, squash, sunflower seeds
  • Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Farmers and some Nomadic hunters such as the Navajo
  • Housing: Farmers lived in Adobe (pueblo) houses. Hunters lived in Hogans
  • Tribes of Southwest Native Americans: Hopi, Pueblo, Zuni, Apache and Navajo
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Great Basin Group
The Great Basin culture group covered deserts, salt flats and brackish lakes and the tribes of Bannock, Paiute and Ute. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Great Basin Indians

  • Native American Groups: Great Basin Native American Indians - the Desert culture
  • Languages: Shoshonean and Uto-Aztecan (Numic)
  • Geography of the State of Great Basin Indians: Deserts, salt flats and brackish lakes
  • Animals: Sheep, squirrels, rabbits, deer, antelope, bison (buffalo)
  • Natural Resources: Sagebrush, grasslands, seeds, roots
  • Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Nomadic Hunter gatherers
  • Art: Basket making
  • Housing: Hogans
  • Tribes of Great Basin Native American Indians: Bannock, Paiute and Ute
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - California Group
The Californian culture group was home to tribes such as the Hokan, Maidu, Miwok, Pomo, Chumash and Serrano people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
California Native Americans

  • Native American Groups: California Native American Indians
  • Languages: Athapaskan, Penutian and Uto-Aztecan
  • Environment: Mild temperate climate
  • Animals and Fish: Salmon, rabbits, deer, elk
  • Natural Resources: Buckeye, nuts and grasses
  • Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Hunter fishers
  • Art: Basketry
  • Housing: wigwams and wickiups
  • Tribes of California Native Americans: Hokan, Maidu, Miwok, Mohave, Pomo, Chumash and Serrano
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Plateau Group
The Plateau culture group included the tribes of Klamath, Modoc, Nez Perce, Walla Walla and Yakama people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Plateau Indians

  • Native American Groups: Plateau Native American Indians
  • Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Geography of the State of Plateau Indians: Fast flowing rivers
  • Animals: Bison, deer and elk
  • Culture: Nomadic Hunter gatherers, Fishers
  • Food: Vegetables, fruits, meat and fish
  • Housing: Pit houses
  • Tribes of Plateau Native American Indians: Klamath, Modoc, Nez Perce, Walla Walla and Yakama
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Arctic Group
The Arctic group culture group included Alaska, Canada and Greenland and the tribes of Aleut and Inuit people who both spoke the Eskimo Aleut language. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Arctic Indians

  • Native American Groups: Native American Arctic Indians
  • Languages: Eskimo-Aleut languages and Athabascan
  • Geography of the State of Arctic Indians: Alaska, Canada and Greenland. Flat, cold and treeless, tundra
  • Animals: Seal, caribou, otter, polar bears, whale, walrus and Artic birds
  • Natural Resources: Fish, seasonal berries and plants
  • Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Nomadic Hunters and fishermen
  • Transport: Dogsleds canoes and open fishing boats
  • Clothes: Clothing was made from caribou, snowshoes
  • Housing: Igloos, Sod Houses, Barabara and tents
  • Tribes of Arctic Indians: The Alaska Aleut and the Inuit (aka Eskimo)
  • Native American Groups

Native American Groups - Sub-Arctic Group
The Sub-Arctic group culture covered inland Alaska and Canada and the tribes of Kuchin, Beaver, Cree, Objiway (Chippewa) and the Naskapi. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see:
Sub-Arctic Indians

  • Native American Groups: Native American Sub-Arctic Indians. Nomadic hunters and Fishers
  • Languages: Algonquian and Athabaskan
  • Geography and Environment: Tree-less tundra to evergreen and deciduous forests. Long, cold winters and short, warm summers
  • Animals: Caribou, moose, elk, deer, wolves, bears, ermine, hyena and lynx
  • Fish: Pike and Salmon
  • Natural Resources: Trees, plants various berries
  • Housing: Plank Houses
  • Tribes of Sub-Arctic Indians: Ingalik, Kuchin, Beaver, Chippewa (Ojibwa), Cree and Naskapi
  • Native American Groups
Native American Indians
Maps and Languages
Native Indian Tribes Index

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