The War was named after King George III who was the English monarch at the time of the conflict that was between the French and the British who were aided by their respective Indian allies. King George's War was the North American extension of the War of the Austrian Succession in Europe. King George's War involved disputes over the boundaries of Nova Scotia and the borders of northern New England and control of the Ohio Valley. King George's War was characterized by the bloody border raids by both sides, aided by their Native Indian allies. King George's War ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748 that restored conquered territory but failed to resolve colonial issues that had arisen during the French and Indian Wars. For additional Facts and info refer to the French in America.
Causes of the King George's War
What were the specific causes of the King George's War? The specific causes of the King George's War at a local level were:
Many of the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht, which signalled the end of Queen Anne's War in 1713, were ambiguous and unpopular with both the colonists and the Native Indians
The concerns of various Indian tribes were not included in the treaty, which resulted in future conflicts in the French and Indian Wars including the Yamasee War, Tuscarora War and the Father Rale's War. The Fox Wars also erupted during this period
Many British merchants found the terms of the treaty unacceptable and resorted to smuggling. This led to the 1738 War of Jenkin's Ear in which one of the smugglers, by the name of Robert Jenkins, had his ship seized by Spanish revenue agents and his ear was cut off during the incident. The Jenkin's Ear confrontation was used as a pretext for war and American colonists attacked Spanish possessions in the Caribbean and mounted an expedition against Spanish Florida.
Facts about the King George's War
Who fought in the King George's War? When did the conflict start and when did the conflict end? What were the causes of the King George's War? What was the significance of the King George's War? What were the results and effects of the King George's War? Interesting history and facts about the King George's War:
- Name of Conflict: King George's War
- Alternative Names for King George's War: French and Indian Wars
- Location of King George's War: New York, Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Nova Scotia
- Year King George's War started: 1744
- Year King George's War ended: 1748
- Combatants in King George's War: The French and their Indian allies. The Wabanaki Confederacy was between five Algonquian speaking people consisting of the Abenaki, Mícmac, Penobscot, Passamaquoddy and Maliseet tribes.
- Combatants in King George's War: The British and their Indian allies. The Iroquois Confederacy was between an alliance of tribes headed by the Onondaga, Cayuga, Mohawk, Seneca and the Oneida tribe.
- Result of King George's War: The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends King George's War and restored conquered territory, but the result is indecisive hence the continuation of the French and Indian Wars
- Famous Leaders in King George's War: William Pepperrell and Peter Warren for Great Britain and the French were led by Father Jean-Louis Le Loutre, Father Pierre Maillard, Louis Du Pont Duchambon and Pierre Morpain
History & Causes of the King George's War - Political Policies and Beliefs
What were the causes of the King George's War? The causes of the French and Indian wars, battles and conflicts, including the Queen Anne's War, were generally because of the colonization of North America by Europeans and highly lucrative trade prospects. The Queen Anne's War was a North American counterpart to the dynastic wars that raged in Europe. Some of the history and causes of the Indian Wars were dictated by political policies and beliefs which shaped the historical background to the causes of the Queen Anne's War
European Imperialism: The policy of forcefully extending a nation's authority, power and influence by territorial gain and by the establishment of economic and political dominance.
Colonialism: Establishing colonies in America provided land and new trading opportunities
Trade: The Europeans all wanted to monopolize the trade in furs and other valuable items
History Timeline of the King George's War
This short History Timeline of the King George's War provides fast facts and information about the history, years & dates, key events and famous people who fought in the King George's War.
- 1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars begin between France and Great Britain for lands in North America. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the British and the Algonquian speaking tribes were allied to the French. The French and Indian Wars was an intermittent series of wars and conflicts consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War (1754-1763)
- 1713: The Treaty of Utrecht ends Queen Anne's War. Under the treaty, Britain gains Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay region of Canada, as well as the Caribbean island of St. Kitts. The ambiguous terms of the Treaty of Utrecht led to significant unrest in the American Colonies
- 1738: The War of Jenkin's Ear
- 1739: Following the Jenkin's Ear incident war broke out in 1739 between Spain and Britain, but was confined to the Caribbean Sea and the British Province of Georgia.
- 1744: The onset of King George's War (the third in the series of the French and Indian Wars)
- 1744: King George's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between France and the Wabanaki Confederacy and Great Britain and their allies of the Iroquois Confederacy.
- 1744: May 1744: The French fortress at Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island spearheaded raids on the British fishing port of Canso and then organized an attack on Annapolis Royal, the capital of Nova Scotia
- 1745: British colonial forces mount the Siege of Louisbourg and capture the strategic French Fortress Louisbourg
- 1745: November 28, 1745: The French with their Indian allies destroyed the village of Saratoga, New York, killing and capturing more than 100 of its inhabitants. All of the English settlements north of Albany were abandoned
- 1748: August1748: The French and their Indian allies attacked Schenectady, New York.
- 1748: The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed on 18 October 1748 and ends King George's War and restored conquered territory, but the result is indecisive hence the continuation of the French and Indian Wars with the Seven Years War aka the French Indian War (1754 - 1763)
The Significance and Effects of the King George's War
The effects and significance of the King George's War in history at a local level were:
Following the King George's conflicts British colonists in New England and British merchants resented the return of Louisbourg to the French after they had captured the stronghold in a 46-day siege. This resentment was one of the early seeds of the American Revolution
The French and English wanted dominance in North America and to monopolize the highly lucrative trade options from a European perspective
The problems of the colonist's relations with French Canada, and Spanish Louisiana and Florida still remained unsettled after the King George's War. The conflicts of the French and Indian Wars would soon erupt again with the Seven Years War also known as the French Indian