Yamasee War

Native Indian Tribe

Yamasee War Summary and Definition

Yamasee War Summary and Definition: The Yamasee War (171516) was a conflict fought in South Carolina between the Carolina and Virginia militia of British-American Colonists and their Native Indian allies against the Yamasee Native American Tribe supported by the Ochese, Waxhaw and Santee tribes.

The causes of Yamasse War were the encroachment of white settlers and colonists on Indian territories and disputes over the highly lucrative fur trade. Trading posts and plantations were raided and 7% of South Carolina's white population were killed. A collaboration of troops and war supplies from neighbouring colonies resulted in the defeat of the Yamasee Indians. Many defeated Indians escaped to Florida, where they joined runaway black slaves and other Native American Indians to form what became known as the Seminole tribe.

Fast Facts about the Yamasee War
Who fought in the Yamasee War? When did the conflict start and when did the conflict end? What were the causes of the Yamasee War? What was the significance of the Yamasee War? What were the results and effects of the Yamasee War? Interesting history and facts about the Yamasee War:

Name of Conflict: Yamasee War
Location of the Yamasee War: South Carolina

Year the Yamasee War started: 1715

Year the Yamasee War ended: 1717

Combatants in the Yamasee War: Carolinas militia and Virginia Militia consisting of British-American Colonists supported by Catawba and Cherokee allies who changed sides from 1715 and 1717 respectively

Combatants in the Yamasee War: Yamasee Native American Tribe supported by other Indian allies including the Ochese, Waxhaw and Santee

Result of the Yamasee War: Defeat for the Native Indians many of whom escaped to Florida

Famous Leaders in the Yamasee War: Governor Charles Craven

History & Causes of the Yamasee War - Political Policies and Beliefs
What were the causes of the Yamasee War? Some of the history and causes of the Yamasee War were dictated by political policies and beliefs which shaped the historical background to the causes of the Yamasee War

  • Colonialism: In the 1700's the Europeans brought with them the system of colonialism, primarily to generate income, which encompassed "the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas."
  • Culture Clash: Distrust and hostilities grew between the indigenous population of the region and the British as the number of newcomers increased leading to the inevitable culture clash

Specific Causes of the Yamasee War
What were the specific causes of the Yamasee War? The specific causes of the Yamasee War at a local level were:

  • Trade: The British sought for dominance of the highly lucrative fur trade
  • Plantations: Rice plantations were bringing wealth to the colonists which was not shared with the Indians who were becoming poorer
  • Hostilities grew between the indigenous population of the region and the British Americans over trade

History Timeline of the Yamasee War
This short History Timeline of the Yamasee War provides fast facts and information about the history, years & dates, key events and famous people who fought in the Yamasee War.

1700: The Yamasee were a powerful tribe in the Carolinas and had established numerous large towns and villages in the area, the principal of which was Pocotaligo.

N.B. North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729

1712: The Yamasee  aided the British America colonists in the Tuscarora War in 1712

1715: In 1715, due to their dissatisfaction with the traders, the Yamasee organized a combination of Indian forces against the British American colonists

1715: April 15, 1715: 90 white traders and their families
1715/16: Traders were slaughtered in the Indian towns and trading villages and a general massacre of settlers, trading posts and plantations took place along the Carolina frontier

1715: The colonists appealed for help from neighboring colonies. A collaboration of troops from Virginia and war supplies from neighbouring colonies helped the colonists

1715: The Battle at the Ponds: The Catawba tribe were defeated and became allies of the British

1716: The Battle at Salkechatchie: Governor Charles Craven led the militia against the Yamasee who were defeated

1717: The Cherokee changed sides and became British allies

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Updated 2018-01-01

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